四级阅读选词填空之带项检查 更新日期:2015-02-03 编辑:Melinda


带项检查   

带入已选答案,重新通读文章以核对其是否逻辑语意正确。   

1. 名词后缀   

1) -or/er/ess/crat/cis:做某件事情或职业的人或物:worker, debtor   

2) -acy, 表示"性质,状态,境遇" democracy, accuracy, diplomacy   

3) -ance, -ence表示"性质,状况,行为,过程,总量,程度” importance, diligence, difference, obedience   

4) -ancy, -ency, 表示"性质,状态,行为,过程" frequency, urgency, efficiency,   

5) -bility, 表示"动作,性质,状态" possibility, flexibility, feasibility,   

6) -dom, 表示“等级,领域,状态” freedom, kingdom, wisdom   

7) –age: package, shortage, marriage   

8) –ant: assistant, accountant, inhabitant   

9) -hood, 表示"资格,身份, 年纪,状态" childhood, manhood, falsehood   

10) -ion, -sion, -tion, -ation, -ition, 表示"行为的过程,结果,状况" action, solution, conclusion, destruction, expression, correction   

11) -ism, 表示"制度,主义,学说,信仰,行为" socialism, criticism, colloquialism, heroism  12) -ty, 表示"性质,状态,程度” purity, reality, ability, loyalty, identity   

13) -ment, 表示"行为,状态,过程,手段及其结果 treatment, movement, judgment, punishment, argument   

14) -ness, 表示"性质,状态,程度" goodness, kindness, tiredness, friendliness   

15) –cy: bankruptcy, literacy, democracy   

16) -ship, 表示"情况,性质,技巧,技能及身份,职业” hardship, membership, friendship   17) -th, 表示"动作,性质,过程,状态" depth, wealth, truth, length, growth   

18) -tude, 表示"性质,状态,程度" latitude, altitude(海拔)   

19) -ure, 表示"行为,结果" exposure, pressure, failure, procedure(手续)   

20) -grapy, 表示"……学,写法” biography, calligraphy, geography   

21) -ic, ics, 表示"……学……法" logic, mechanics, electronics, linguistics   

22) -ology, 表示"……学……论”biology, zoology, technology(工艺学)   

23) -nomy, 表示"……学……术" astronomy, economy, bionomy(生态学)   

2. 形容词后缀   带有“属性,倾向,相关”的含义   

1) -able, -ible: visible, flexible   

2) 名词-ish: foolish, bookish, selfish   (注意accomplish, vanish)   

3) –ive: active, sensitive, productive   

4) –like: manlike, childlike   

5) 名词-ly: manly, fatherly, scholarly, motherly   

6) –ory: satisfactory, illusory   

7) –ic: realistic, specific, poetic, energetic   

8) –ical: physical, classical, economical   

9) –some: troublesome, handsome   

10) –ful: beautiful, wonderful, helpful, truthful   

11) –ous: dangerous, generous, courageous,   

12) –ent: violent   

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